Nearsightedness - (myopia) often defined as \"my distance is blurred\". This disorder is the result of an eye that is longer, or intraocular lens that is too strong, creating the need for a spectacle lens or contact lens to focus light correctly on the back of the eye. This allows for clear vision.
Farsightedness -- (hyperopia) often defined as \"my near vision is blurred\". This disorder is the result of an eye that is shorter or an intraocular lens that is too weak, creating the need for a spectacle lens or contact lens to focus light correctly on the back of the eye. This allows for clear vision.
Presbyopia - a condition where the muscles of the eyes weaken and the lens of the eye hardens leading to problems focusing up close. Also referred to as the \"age 40, my arms are too short\" syndrome. Glasses or contacts may be used to help focus reading and near tasks better. Presbyopia does not lead to vision loss, it is a normal aging change that results in blurred vision and a lot of frustration.
Astigmatism - a condition where the front of the eye or cornea is not perfectly round, but is more oblong or football shaped. This requires a spectacle lens or contact lens for clear vision.
Glaucoma - a condition once known as \"high pressure inside the eye\". Today we understand that glaucoma is a change to the optic nerve inside the eye that can happen at any pressure (although more common in patients whose intraocular pressure is elevated). This can lead to blindness, however new medications can be used to lower the pressure and significantly reduce the risk of vision loss.
Macular degeneration - a condition that affects the \"best seeing part of the eye\" or the macula. Deposits or leakage\'s form in or around the macula, which can lead to serious vision loss. This is the number one cause of blindness later in life. There are many new treatments for macular degeneration, but no one procedure has been shown to work on all forms of this macular disorder.
Ocular migraine - this visual disorder is becoming more common. Much like the concept of some migraine headaches being caused by a lack of blood flow to the eye, an ocular migraine is believed to be possibly due to a lock of blood flow to parts of the eye. This leads to an array of visual complaints including weird color patterns, scotomas (or areas of grayed or blacked-out vision), and visual distortions (waviness, dull gray afterimages, and \"like looking through a glass of water\"). Although this problem does not cause permanent vision loss, general physical disorders like, high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis (and smoking), cholesterol, and most importantly STRESS must be evaluated to prevent any further long term complications.
Cataracts - once thought to be a serious vision problem, a cataract is an opacity or fogginess to the intraocular lens of the eye. Although common in the aging process, many patients may get cataracts due to head or eye trauma, excessive ultraviolet ray exposure (sunbathing, working outdoors, welding), uncontrolled blood sugar fluctuations. Many medications used to treat general disorders have been linked to cataract formation. Surgery to remove the fogged lens is very routine, but only truly necessary based on your ocular health and its affect on your vision.
Diabetic retinopathy - THE NUMBER ONE CAUSE OF BLINDNESS up to age 60+. The fluctuation of blood sugar, weakened blood vessels, and other factors cause leakage\'s of blood and other materials to form on the back of the eye (retina). This starts as small dot hemorrhages and if left undiagnosed can form large areas of leakage which can seriously impact your vision, and lead to blindness. Early diagnosis is the key to PREVENTING this disorder from robbing you of your vision.
Vision therapy - a technique used to strengthen weakened eye muscles allowing for better eye coordination, depth perception, and focusing. This has been proven to enhance reading, scholastic, and athletic skills. Although in its earliest stages thought to be a \"voodoo science\", visual therapy has a scientific and medical basis that many medical insurance\'s are beginning to recognize. The testing for this type of problem is called asensorimotor evaluation or functional exam.
Lazy eye - an eye that doesn\'t see as well as the fellow eye. This may or may not involve a turned or crossed eye (strabismus). It is also medically referred to as Amblyopia.
Pink eye - commonly thought to be any eye that has a reddish or pink color to the white part of the eye (sclera). Pink eye is a form of conjunctivitis or inflammation to the clear tissue that covers the white part of the eye. Proper diagnosis of the underlying cause will allow for the best treatment. The most common underlying causes of pink eye are:
Viral infection - much like a cold of the eye, most treatment stems from treating the symptoms
Bacterial infection- an antibiotic is needed to kill the infection
Allergic conjunctivitis- due to a seasonal or allergic interaction (including allergies to some medication or drops)
Dry eye - an eye that either doesn\'t produce enough tears or the tear layer is lacking components to allow them to work properly. This can lead to long term damage to the eye tissue